Local Greensboro Branch information for The NAACP, the Premier Civil Rights organization in the United States, has been a leading force for equality. From its inception in 1909 until today the NAACP continues to push forward in political, economic, and social issues.
The History of the NAACP in North Carolina
In 1917 the first three North Carolina branches of the NAACP were created. Following the creation of the organization several years earlier. Their mission was to confront lynching, and fair employment; also to promote voter registration, and equal education opportunities. According to NCPedia, over the next 25 years, the number of branches increased, and in 1943 a State Conference of NAACP Branches was formed to serve the state’s membership of 5,700. The leadership of the state conference was assumed by Kelly M. Alexander. During Alexander’s 36-year presidency, ending with his death in 1985, the North Carolina State Conference of NAACP Branches became the largest in the nation; it eventually included more than 120 branches with a membership of 30,000. In 1955, after the unanimous U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in the case, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, Alexander led the NAACP fight to desegregate North Carolina schools. Alexander was elected to the NAACP Board of Directors in 1950. He became chairman in 1984.
Robert F. Williams, formerly the president of the NAACP branch of Monroe, North Carolina, advocated self-defense. A national debate among civil rights groups over violent versus nonviolent tactics intensified; his 1962 book Negroes with Guns, allegedly, had a profound influence on Black Panther Party founder Huey P. Newton.
The 1960 Greensboro sit-ins, presented another challenge to the national NAACP’s courts-oriented approach to activism. Its methods appeared mild to some civil rights activists. The state and local NAACP leaders have amassed an impressive list of civil rights victories on behalf of North Carolina’s African Americans and other minorities. As of 2006, there were 101 NAACP branches in the state.
On Saturday, February 14th, 2009, the NC NAACP marked its 100th anniversary by bringing historic thousands of North Carolinians of all colors and races to its third annual People’s Assembly on Jones Street.
North Carolina NAACP State Office (919) 682-4700 or (866) 626-2227.
Sources:Excerpts from: NCPedia; NC NAACP History
Martin Luther King, Jr. – (1929 – 1968); Religious and civil rights leader
John Lewis – (1921 – ); Civil rights leader, U.S. Congressional Representative
Jackie Robinson – (1919 – 1972); Integrated major league baseball
Thurgood Marshall – (1908 – 1993); U.S. Supreme Court Justice
Shirley Chisholm – (1924 – 2005); U.S. Congressional Representative
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1. Question1 points
In What year was the NAACP founded?Correct
2. Question1 points
What is the name of the official publication of the NAACP?Correct
3. Question1 points
What year was the landmark U.S. Supreme Court Case Brown v. Board of Education decided?Correct
Commemorated on May 17th.Incorrect
4. Question1 points
Which NAACP Chief Counsel became a U. S. Supreme Court Justice?Correct
5. Question1 points
Where is the national headquarters of the NAACP located?Correct
6. Question1 points
Who succeeded Justice Marshall upon his death on the Supreme Court?Correct
7. Question1 points
What landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision was passed in 1965?Correct
8. Question1 points
Jim Crow Laws, were state and local statutes that mandated _____________ until 1965.Correct
9. Question1 points
In 1963 Martin Luther King, Jr., at a March on Washington, gave his famous “I have a dream” speech. What was the date of that speech?Correct
10. Question1 points
The bus boycott, inspired by Rosa Parks’ refusal to sit in the back of the bus, took place in what city?Correct
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